Faculty of Mining, Safety Engineering and Industrial Automation - Scientific research
Staff of the Faculty conducts research in the field of mining and sustainable development, widely understood as economically efficient exploitation of minerals, taking into consideration advanced mining and computer technology (intelligent mining), in environment-friendly conditions (green mining) for the sake of rational resource management.
The main objectives of such activities are:
- Providing sufficient quantity of resource for efficient operation of domestic economy,
- Minimizing interference in the environment during exploration and exploitation of mineral resources,
- Protection of unused mineral resources,
- Protection of exploited mineral resources by maximizing the utilization of resources (improving resource utilization, efficiency of processing and refining processes),
- Utilization of accompanying minerals,
- Use of raw materials found in mining waste and mineral enrichment processes,
- Minimization of waste generation.
Department of Electrical Engineering and Industrial Automation (RG 1) conducts research in the fields of:
· Design, calculation and choice of mine power grids,
· Risk of electric shock and safety measures against it,
· Combating hazards of stray electric currents,
· Computer-aided design of mine power grids and electrical traction,
· Construction and safety rules for exploitation of mining cables and tire ducts,
· Design and research on power protection,
· Use of direct frequency inverters, intelligent power modules and microprocessor controllers,
· Design of control systems for machines and devices using microcomputers,
· Programming specialized controllers based on single-chip microcomputers,
· Tests and special measurements of traction engines,
· Control, automation and diagnostics of electric locomotives,
· Application of fuzzy sets theory and queue models to control machines and devices,
· Optimization of technological system of mineral enrichment plants,
· Use of fuzzy sets in modelling, simulation research and control of mineral processing processes,
· Automatic sampling of bituminous coal,
· Discrete control of processing processes, mathematical models of enrichment machines,
· Research and design of mine telecommunication networks, interferences in those networks,
· Research on hands-free communication systems,
· Propagation of radio waves and wireless networks in underground mines,
· Tests on gasometric systems,
· Visual analysis of technological processes and grain composition,
· Processing measurement signals, digital filtration, polynomial signal smoothing, time series.
Department of Mining Mechanization and Robotisation (RG 2) conducts research in the fields of:
· Tribological phenomena, with particular emphasis on abrasive and erosion wear,
· Modelling and laboratory research of tribological systems, with particular emphasis on friction brakes for hoisting machines,
· Study of friction brake materials, optimization of friction pair selection, taking into account the dynamic properties of the system and the material, chemical, thermal and geometrical properties of friction pairs,
· Research on tribological phenomena and optimization of materials selection for elements of mining, transport and mechanical processing machines,
· Research and modelling of abrasive and erosion wear in bulk materials transport systems,
· Tests of fracture toughness and abrasive wear of tool and structural materials, including carbide,
· Comparative studies of structure and properties of CVD abrasive coatings on carbide specimens used on cutting tool blades,
· Numerical analysis of stress and deformation fields on microstructure of carbides used on cutting tool blades,
· Description and analysis of stress distribution in crushed mineral sample (rock) and carbide sample during the cutting process using Finite Element Method,
· Tests on abrasive wear resistance in the presence of abrasive of existing and innovative materials in the aspect of their application to the elements of mining machinery
· Studying influence of structural, technological and operational factors on gear lubrication conditions used in mining drives of transport machines,
· Optimization of power lining section parameters
· Research on wear resistance of Ruukki steelwork products
· Consumption tests of materials used for sliding plates
· Study of the effect of Plastmal Motor Life Professional lubricant products on the loss of mass of cooperating friction elements
· Determining weight loss depending on the type of oil used on the amsler stand
· Impact of using the motor-life professional on the condition of cooperating surfaces of the gears
· Modelling of static and dynamic load of mining machines and their assemblies,
· Experimental and theoretical comprehensive research on mining machinery, including: longwall shearers, heading machines, coal scraps, scraper conveyors, mechanized support stations and loaders, hoisting machines
· Physical and mathematical modelling of dynamic phenomena occurring in machines for milling, loading and transport,
· Forecasting the grain composition of dredged material obtained during mechanical excavation,
· Studying durability of propulsion system components, in particular the high-power clutches and gears
· Machine diagnostic tests based on measurements and analysis of vibroacoustic and thermal states,
· Experimental studies of fatigue strength and fracture of structural materials and machine elements, especially working chainsaws,
· Computer and experimental tests of machine dynamics, gears in particular,
· Robotized workstation for 3D scanning heads / milling robots and other machine components for geometric measurement and Reverse Engineering,
· Workstation for measuring the stereometry of working elements of mining machines
· Robotized station for testing the technology of automatic assembly of knife holders on heads / bodies of milling machines,
· Experimental station to study the process of digging with roadheaders,
· Large Scale 3D Laser Scanning Kit (Geodetic Scanner),
· GOM Inspect Professional software,
· Geometric Design X software,
· RAD Studio Professional,
· Vision system for KUKA robot,
· Mobile test station for thickness measurement and axial runout of the brake disk of hoisting machine,
· Specialized mining pit signal recorder,
· Set for measuring loads in underground conditions,
· System for registering and processing of measuring signals, along with the CATMAN 32E operating system for data analysis and acquisition,
· Modified system for recording signals from the front machines, PKF 75 converter, PP 83 HDL converters, PP 83 HB transducers – current transformer.
- Computer aided design of mining machinery, its assembly and components,
- Optimization of construction and movement parameters of shaping and knifing systems in terms of drive load and dustiness in the front,
- Modelling of dynamic load of gears,
- Optimization of mechanized power section parameters.
- PrOBud v. 1.0 computer program. Calculation of static load of mechanized section elements (in February 2016 the license was purchased by Jastrzębskie Zakłady Remontowe S.A).
- Economic efficiency of the mineral picking systems,
- Multifaceted analysis of the possibility of high production concentration,
- Analysis of the economic efficiency of mining operations in the field of longwall operation,
- Safety of mining machinery.
- Description of the solution utilizing the economic model of coal acquisition costs, protected by the patent No. 213670 “Method of concentration of operation on the wall field, especially the hollow wall and set of devices for realization of this method”, presented as an achievement of SUT’s employees in the catalogue: Selected Research Findings of an Innovative Nature, Polish Universities and Institutes of the Polish Academy of Sciences 2007, published by the Office of the President of the Republic of Poland and the Bureau of Popularization and Promotion of Science.
- Jaszczuk M., Kania J.: Theoretical consideration in establishing the parameters of longwall panel. World Mining Congress, ‘New Challenges and Visions for Mining’, session 14. Economics, management and design in the mining industry, Kraków, 7-11 September, 2008.
- Jaszczuk M., Kania J.: ‘Components of coal acquisition cost and its price as decisive factors in determining the volume of extraction’, Mining Archive, Quarterly, Volume 53, Book 2, pp. 183-2014. Published by Wydawnictwo Instytutu Mechaniki Górotworu PAN, Kraków, 2008.
- Jaszczuk M., Kania J.: Award of the Minister of Science and Higher Education for international inventions, Warsaw, 2008.
- 7 awards at international Innovation Contests.
Department of Safety Engineering (RG 3) conducts research in two separate teams: Organization and Economy of Mining Team and the Safety Engineering Team:
- Organization and Economy of Mining Team conducts research in the field of organization of production processes in manufacturing companies, including mining ones. The research also focuses on the analysis and evaluation of economic indicators in terms of strategic and operating management.
- Safety Engineering Team conducts research in the field of risk analysis at work, study on workplace safety and health care, ergonomics, labour law and OSH regulations in Polish companies. The team also has at its disposal Safety Engineering Laboratory, where various workshops and classes take place, including medical rescue courses based on the latest phantoms (including baby phantoms) and resuscitation apparatus.
Department of Geomechanics and Underground Construction (RG 4) conducts research on:
· Deformation and strength properties of rocks and rock massif
· Numerical modelling of rock mass in the vicinity of mining excavation sites and underground constructions
· Assessment of landslides and slopes' risk, including in mining areas. Designing geotechnical barriers limiting the impact of deformation on mining and post-mining areas
· Design, modification and dismantlement of underground structures
· Design, research and implementation of the construction of mining excavation sites and their connections
· Research and assessment of technical condition of underground structures
· Revitalization of historic underground buildings
· Design and tests on materials used in underground constructions
· Study on rock properties and structure for selection and design of underground excavation sites
· Design of protection systems for excavation sites subject to mining exploitation
· Evaluating the impact of mining operations on the environment. Development of mining and post-mining areas
· Forecasting the influence of underground exploitation of resources on construction objects and mining excavation sites
· Design of mining exploitation taking into account the principles of minimizing its impact on rock mass and surface
Department of Mining (RG 5) is divided into the following three teams:
- Geodesy and Mining Area Protection Team conducts research on the use of modern geodetic equipment in the field of surface and mining geodesy, as well as improvement of methodology of geodetic measurement and calculations related to the protection of surfaces and objects against the influence of mining exploitation. The Team also focuses on measurement and analysis of rock and mining deformation in order to improve modelling methods for mining area deformation. Research is also conducted on improving models describing mining area deformations and creating algorithms and programs using these models, investigating the relationship between such deformations and damage to objects. The Team studies the relationship between size of surface deformation and seismic activity induced by mining. Geodesy and Mining Area Protection Team carries work on technology of digital mapping and spatial information, numerical modelling of terrain and deposits, as well as the development and use of GIS databases in mining and geological research.
- Mining, Processing and Waste Management Technologies Team conducts research in the fields of: waste-free technologies and clean production systems in underground mining; technologies for underground coal gasification; storing CO2 in rock mass; underground landfills and assessing their long-term environmental impacts; ecological mining technology; processes for classification, shredding and enrichment of solid minerals and waste; high pressure measurement of gas sorption on organic and mineral sorbents, and remediation of land-water environment.
- Mining, Aerology and Mining Geophysics Team conducts research in the fields of: use of modern evolutionary and swarm algorithms for locating rock outbreaks and playing seismic velocity fields in rock mass; use of numerical tools to solve various geomechanical problems using 2D and 3D modelling; development of describing methods for half-acceleration and ground vibration velocity caused by mining shocks; research on the use of neutral networks for forecasting seismic hazards and rock bursts; evaluation of parameters of main ventilating fans, as well as duct and multi-stream fans; work safety and rescue in mines, subterranean and post-mining waste management.
Department of Applied Geology (RG 6) conducts research in the fields of:
- estimation of mineral resources in the deposit, according to Polish and international standards, using modern and professional software;
- recognition of deposits, including comprehensive recognition and characterization of coal quality in the deposit, as well as degree of its carbonation, in accordance with national and international standards;
- petrological coal research, including the determination of parameters of chemical-technological analysis, coking properties, reflexivity of the site and participation of groups of macerals and microlitoptypes
- geological-engineering tests for documentation of ground and water conditions for cubature, linear, spatial planning, as well as usefulness and potential of revitalization of degraded and post-industrial areas. The scope of study includes geotechnical expertise and opinions, stability analysis of slopes and hillsides, geotechnical documentation, geological projects, as well as geological and engineering documentation
- hydrogeology and hydrology, for the purpose of analysing hydrogeological conditions, evaluating and preventing water hazards in mines, assessing hydrogeological consequences of discontinuation (or change of system) of dredging of coal mines and identifying flood hazards in mining areas
- chemical, mineralogical and petrographic tests of solid mineral resources and mineral industrial wastes, in terms of their economic use, including rare and trace elements and the assessment of their environmental risk
- geochemical aspects of environmental protection, in terms of spectrometric tests of trace elements (including heavy metals) in environmental samples for their recovery and environmental impact, hydrothermal synthesis of zeolites from by-products of coal combustion, as well as analysis of drilling cements and scales in acidic gas injection